Nunzio TUCCITTO

Associate Professor of [CHIM/02]
Office: Cittadella Universitaria, V.le A. Doria 6, 95125 Catania. Edificio 1 corpo B piano 0 Stanza 7 (B0/7)
Email: n.tuccitto@unict.it
Phone: +39 095 738 5091
Web Site: www.lamsun.it/tuccitto.html
Office Hours: Tuesday and Wednesday from 10:00 to 12:00 si prega di annunciarsi


Dr. Nunzio Tuccitto

Associate Professor, Physical Chemistry

Vice-coordinator PhD in Materials Science and Nanotechnology.

ORCID Google Scholar Research Gate IRIS

 

Dr. Nunzio Tuccitto was born in Siracusa (ITALY) in 1979.

 

Current Position

  • Researcher
    • Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Catania, Italy
    • Interuniversity Consortium for the Large Interphase Systems (CSGI),

December 2014 – present

Academic Experiences

  • Post Doctoral Fellow
    • 2006- 2009, Nanotechnologies, Material Science, Glow Discharge ToF

Mass Spectrometry, Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Catania

  • Research Assistant
    • September 2003 – January 2004

Advanced Mass Spectrometry, Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Catania

Industrial Experiences

  • Project Specialist, R&D department - Ecocontrol SUD
    • April 2013 – December 2014
  • Junior Supervisor, Analytical Chemistry department - Ecocontrol SUD
    • July 2012 – April 2013
  • Analytical Chemist, Analytical Chemistry department - Ecocontrol SUD
    • September 2009 – July 2012

Faculty

  • Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Catania
    • Prof. of Organic nanostructures, 2015 – present
    • Prof. Physical Chemistry II, 2016 – present

Education

  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.), Chemistry,
    • University of Catania

2003 – 2006

  • Italian degree (master’s degree) Chemistry,
    • Top grade (110/110), University of Catania

1998 – 2003

  • High School Diploma Chemistry studies
    • Top grade 60/60, ITIS E Fermi Siracusa

1993 – 1998

 

Main research activities:

  • Nanomaterials for “Artificial Chemical Communication”
  • Big Data Management and Processing
  1. Pubblications = 65
  2. H-index ≥ 16
  3. Citations≥ 870

N. Tuccitto's publications 

1. Tuccitto, N., MacIazek, D., Postawa, Z., Licciardello, A. MD-Based Transport and Reaction Model for the Simulation of SIMS Depth Profiles of Molecular Targets (2019) Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 123 (33), pp. 20188-20194. 

2. Tuccitto, N., Bombace, A., Torrisi, A., Licciardello, A., Lo Sciuto, G., Capizzi, G., Wo?niak, M. Probabilistic neural network-based classifier of ToF-SIMS single-pixel spectra (2019) Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems, 191, pp. 138-142.  

3. Li-Destri, G., Fichera, L., Zammataro, A., Trusso Sfrazzetto, G., Tuccitto, N. Self-assembled carbon nanoparticles as messengers for artificial chemical communication (2019) Nanoscale, 11 (30), pp. 14203-14209.  

4. Ruffino, R., Tuccitto, N., Messina, G.M.L., Kozma, E., Catellani, M., Li-Destri, G., Marletta, G. Polymer Crystallization on Nanocurved Substrates: Distortion Versus Dewetting (2019) Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 123 (14), pp. 8967-8974.  

5. Vitale, S., LaramÇe-Milette, B., Amato, M.E., Hanan, G.S., Tuccitto, N., Licciardello, A. A nano-junction of self-assembled mixed-metal-centre molecular wires on transparent conductive oxides (2019) Nanoscale, 11 (11), pp. 4788-4793.  

6. Tuccitto, N., Messina, G.M.L., Li-Destri, G., Wietecka, A., Marletta, G. Chelating Surfaces for Oriented Human Serum Albumin Molecules (2019) Langmuir, 35 (9), pp. 3354-3362.  

7. Li-Destri, G., Ruffino, R., Tuccitto, N., Marletta, G. In situ structure and force characterization of 2D nano-colloids at the air/water interface (2019) Soft Matter, 15 (42), pp. 8475-8482.  

8. Fichera, L., Li-Destri, G., Ruffino, R., Messina, G.M.L., Tuccitto, N. Reactive nanomessengers for artificial chemical communication (2019) Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 21 (29), pp. 16223-16229. 

9. Zammataro, A., Gangemi, C.M.A., Pappalardo, A., Toscano, R.M., Puglisi, R., Nicotra, G., FragalÖ, M.E., Tuccitto, N., Sfrazzetto, G.T. Covalently functionalized carbon nanoparticles with a chiral Mn-Salen: A new nanocatalyst for enantioselective epoxidation of alkenes (2019) Chemical Communications, 55 (36), pp. 5255-5258. 

10. Russo, P., Nasti, G., Coppola, S., Gentile, G., Tuccitto, N., Li-Destri, G., Marletta, G., Ferraro, P. Single fibres of pyro-electrospinned PVDF-HFP/MWCNT unveal high electrical conductivity (2018) Polymer, 159, pp. 157-161. 

11. Tuccitto, N., Amato, T., Gangemi, C.M.A., Trusso Sfrazzetto, G., Puglisi, R., Pappalardo, A., Ballistreri, F.P., Messina, G.M.L., Li-Destri, G., Marletta, G. Driving Coordination Polymer Monolayer Formation by Competitive Reactions at the Air/Water Interface (2018) Langmuir, 34 (39), pp. 11706-11713. 

12. Li-Destri, G., Tuccitto, N., Livio, P.A., Messina, G.M.L., Pithan, L., Marletta, G. Energy-sustained reversible nanoscale order and conductivity increase in polymer thin films (2018) Polymer, 153, pp. 344-353. 

13. Tuccitto, N., Bombace, A., Torrisi, A., Licciardello, A. Effect of sputtering yield changes on the depth resolution in cluster beam depth-profiling of polymers (2018) Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Nanotechnology and Microelectronics, 36 (3), art. no. 03F124, . 

14. Tuccitto, N. Automated data mining of secondary ion mass spectrometry spectra (2018) Journal of Chemometrics, 32 (3), art. no. e2968, .  

15. Tuccitto, N., Capizzi, G., Torrisi, A., Licciardello, A. Unsupervised Analysis of Big ToF-SIMS Data Sets: A Statistical Pattern Recognition Approach (2018) Analytical Chemistry, 90 (4), pp. 2860-2866.  

16. Tuccitto, N., Li-Destri, G., Messina, G.M.L., Marletta, G. Reactive messengers for digital molecular communication with variable transmitter-receiver distance (2018) Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 20 (48), pp. 30312-30320.  

17. Tuccitto, N., Li-Destri, G., Messina, G.M.L., Marletta, G. Fluorescent Quantum Dots Make Feasible Long-Range Transmission of Molecular Bits (2017) Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 8 (16), pp. 3861-3866. 

18. Cristaudo, V., Collette, S., Tuccitto, N., Poleunis, C., Melchiorre, L.C., Licciardello, A., Reniers, F., Delcorte, A. Molecular Surface Analysis and Depth-Profiling of Polyethylene Modified by an Atmospheric Ar-D2O Post-Discharge (2016) Plasma Processes and Polymers, 13 (11), pp. 1104-1117.  

19. Tuccitto, N. A physico-chemical timer: autonomous time-delayed microfluidic valves for environmental applications (2016) Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, 20 (9), art. no. 129, .  

20. Tuccitto, N., Zappalà, G., Vitale, S., Torrisi, A., Licciardello, A. A wavelet-PCA method saves high mass resolution information in data treatment of SIMS molecular depth profiles (2016) Surface and Interface Analysis, 48 (6), pp. 317-327.  

21. Tuccitto, N., Zappalà, G., Vitale, S., Torrisi, A., Licciardello, A. A transport and reaction model for simulating cluster secondary ion mass spectrometry depth profiles of organic solids (2016) Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 120 (17), pp. 9263-9269. 

22. Vitale, S., Zappalà, G., Tuccitto, N., Torrisi, A., Napolitani, E., Licciardello, A. SIMS characterization of surface-modified nanostructured titania electrodes for solar energy conversion devices (2016) Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Nanotechnology and Microelectronics, 34 (3), art. no. 0001

23. Sfuncia, G., Tuccitto, N., Marletta, G. Preparation and enhanced conducting properties of open networks of poly(3-hexylthiophene)/carbon nanotube hybrids (2016) RSC Advances, 6 (57), pp. 51485-51492.  

24. Tuccitto, N., Sfrazzetto, G.T., Gangemi, C.M.A., Ballistreri, F.P., Toscano, R.M., Tomaselli, G.A., Pappalardo, A., Marletta, G. The memory-driven order-disorder transition of a 3D-supramolecular architecture based on calix[5]arene and porphyrin derivatives (2016) Chemical Communications, 52 (78), pp. 11681-11684.

25. Zappalà, G., Motta, V., Tuccitto, N., Vitale, S., Torrisi, A., Licciardello, A. Nitric oxide assisted C60 secondary ion mass spectrometry for molecular depth profiling of polyelectrolyte multilayers (2015) Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 29 (23), pp. 2204-2210.  

26. Giamblanco, N., Tuccitto, N., ZappalÖ, G., Sfuncia, G., Licciardello, A., Marletta, G. Chelating Surfaces for Native State Proteins Patterning: The Human Serum Albumin Case (2015) ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 7 (41), pp. 23353-23363. 

27. Vitale, S., ZappalÖ, G., Tuccitto, N. Filling station short-range impact on the surrounding area: A novel methodology for environmental monitoring based on the shadows study (2015) Environmental Technology and Innovation, 4, pp. 210-217.  

28. Monitto, R., Tuccitto, N. Shadow ribbon: A detailed study of complex chemical plants with a simple integrated approach (2014) RSC Advances, 4 (61), pp. 32237-32240.  

29. Havelund, R., Licciardello, A., Bailey, J., Tuccitto, N., Sapuppo, D., Gilmore, I.S., Sharp, J.S., Lee, J.L.S., Mouhib, T., Delcorte, A. Improving secondary ion mass spectrometry C60n+ sputter depth profiling of challenging polymers with nitric oxide gas dosing (2013) Analytical Chemistry, 85 (10), pp. 5064-5070.  

30. Molchan, I.S., Thompson, G.E., Skeldon, P., Licciardello, A., Tuccitto, N., Tempez, A. Analysis of molecular monolayers adsorbed on metal surfaces by glow discharge optical emission spectrometry (2013) Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 28 (1), pp. 121-126.  

31. Giamblanco, N., Zhavnerko, G., Tuccitto, N., Licciardello, A., Marletta, G. Coadsorption-dependent orientation of fibronectin epitopes at hydrophilic gold surfaces (2012) Soft Matter, 8 (32), pp. 8370-8378.  

32. Coustumer, P.L., Chapon, P., Tempez, A., Popov, Y., Thompson, G., Molchan, I., Trigoulet, N., Skeldon, P., Licciardello, A., Tuccitto, N., Delfanti, I., Fuhrer, K., Gonin, M., Whitby, J., Hohl, M., Tanner, C., Garcia, N.B., Revilla, L.L., Pisonero, J., Pereiro, R., Gago, C.G., Medel, A.S., Petcu, M.G., Surmeian, A., Diplasu, C., Groza, A., Jakubowski, N., Dorka, R., Canulescu, S., Michler, J., Belenguer, P., Nelis, T., Zahri, A., Guillot, P., ThÇräse, L., Littner, A., Vaux, R., Malherbe, J., Huneau, F., Stevie, F., Franáois-Saint-Cyr, H. Analysis of thin and thick Films (2012) Mass Spectrometry Handbook, pp. 943-959. 

33. Tuccitto, N., Giamblanco, N., Ghosh, S., Spampinato, V., LabbÇ, P., Dumy, P., Quici, S., Marletta, G., Defrancq, E., Licciardello, A. Controlled density patterning of tolylterpyridine-tagged oligonucleotides (2011) Langmuir, 27 (14), pp. 8595-8599. 

34. Keller, T.F., Schînfelder, J., Reichert, J., Tuccitto, N., Licciardello, A., Messina, G.M.L., Marletta, G., Jandt, K.D. How the surface nanostructure of polyethylene affects protein assembly and orientation (2011) ACS Nano, 5 (4), pp. 3120-3131.  

35. Denis, L., Renaux, F., Cossement, D., Bittencourt, C., Tuccitto, N., Licciardello, A., Hecq, M., Snyders, R. Physico-chemical characterization of methyl isobutyrate-based plasma polymer films (2011) Plasma Processes and Polymers, 8 (2), pp. 127-137.  


36. Tuccitto, N., Marletta, G., Carnazza, S., Grasso, L., Caratozzolo, M., Guglielmino, S., Licciardello, A. ToF-SIMS imaging of surface self-organized fractal patterns of bacteria (2011) Surface and Interface Analysis, 43 (1-2), pp. 370-375.  


37. Trigoulet, N., Tuccitto, N., Delfanti, I., Licciardello, A., Molchan, I.S., Skeldon, P., Thompson, G.E., Tempez, A., Chapon, P. Depth profiling analysis of barrier-type anodic aluminium oxide films formed on substrates of controlled roughness (2011) Surface and Interface Analysis, 43 (1-2), pp. 183-186.  


38. Spampinato, V., Tuccitto, N., Quici, S., Calabrese, V., Marletta, G., Torrisi, A., Licciardello, A. Functionalization of oxide surfaces by terpyridine phosphonate ligands: Surface reactions and anchoring geometry (2010) Langmuir, 26 (11), pp. 8400-8406.  

39. Molchan, I.S., Thompson, G.E., Skeldon, P., Trigoulet, N., Tempez, A., Chapon, P., Tuccitto, N., Licciardello, A. Differentiation of 18O- and 16O-rich layers in anodic alumina films by glow discharge time-of-flight mass spectroscopy (2010) Surface and Interface Analysis, 42 (4), pp. 211-214. 

40. Lobo, L., Tuccitto, N., Bordel, N., Pereiro, R., Pisonero, J., Licciardello, A., Tempez, A., Chapon, P., Sanz-Medel, A. Polymer screening by radiofrequency glow discharge time-of-flight mass spectrometry (2010) Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 396 (8), pp. 2863-2869.  

41. Torrisi, A., Torrisi, V., Tuccitto, N., Gandolfi, M.G., Prati, C., Licciardello, A. ToF-SIMS images and spectra of biomimetic calcium silicate-based cements after storage in solutions simulating the effects of human biological fluids (2010) International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 289 (2-3), pp. 150-161.  

42. Tempez, A., Canulescu, S., Molchan, I.S., Dîbeli, M., Whitby, J.A., Lobo, L., Michler, J., Thompson, G.E., Bordel, N., Chapon, P., Skeldon, P., Delfanti, I., Tuccitto, N., Licciardello, A. 18O/16O isotopic separation in anodic tantala films by glow discharge time-of-flightmass spectrometry (2009) Surface and Interface Analysis, 41 (12-13), pp. 966-973.  

43. Bordel, N., Lobo, L., Pisonero, J., Pereiro, R., Tuccitto, N., Licciardello, A., Tempez, A., Chapon, P., Hohl, M., Michler, J., Sanz-Medel, A. Radiofrequency glow discharge time of flight mass spectrometry for thin films analysis: Pulsed mode versus continuous mode (2009) Yejin Fenxi/Metallurgical Analysis, 29 (11), pp. 1-7.  


44. Dettin, M., Bagno, A., Gambaretto, R., Iucci, G., Conconi, M.T., Tuccitto, N., Menti, A.M., Grandi, C., Di Bello, C., Licciardello, A., Polzonetti, G. Covalent surface modification of titanium oxide with different adhesive peptides: Surface characterization and osteoblast-like cell adhesion (2009) Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A, 90 (1), pp. 35-45.  

45. Tuccitto, N., Delfanti, I., Torrisi, V., Scandola, F., Chiorboli, C., Stepanenko, V., WÅrthner, F., Licciardello, A. Supramolecular self-assembled multilayers of terpyridine-functionalized perylene bisimide metal complexes (2009) Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 11 (20), pp. 4033-4038.  

46. Torrisi, A., Tuccitto, N., Licciardello, A. Effects of the substrate on ToF-SIMS spectra of thin films of some fluorinated compounds deposited on calcarenite (2009) International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 281 (3), pp. 157-166. 


47. Tuccitto, N., Lobo, L., Tempez, A., Delfanti, I., Chapon, P., Canulescu, S., Bordel, N., Michler, J., Licciardello, A. Pulsed radiofrequency glow discharge time-of-flight mass spectrometry for molecular depth profiling of polymer-based films (2009) Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 23 (5), pp. 549-556. 

48. Tuccitto, N., Ferri, V., Cavazzini, M., Quici, S., Zhavnerko, G., Licciardello, A., Rampi, M.A. Highly conductive 40-nm-long molecular wires assembled by stepwise incorporation of metal centres (Nature Materials (2009) 8 (41-46)) (2009) Nature Materials, 8 (4), p. 359.  


49. Tuccitto, N., Ferri, V., Cavazzini, M., Quici, S., Zhavnerko, G., Licciardello, A., Rampi, M.A. Highly conductive ? 40-nm-long molecular wires assembled by stepwise incorporation of metal centres (2009) Nature Materials, 8 (1), pp. 41-46.  

50. Tuccitto, N., Torrisi, V., Delfanti, I., Licciardello, A. Monoatomic and cluster beam effect on ToF-SIMS spectra of self-assembled monolayers on gold (2008) Applied Surface Science, 255 (4), pp. 874-876.  

51. Torrisi, A., Tuccitto, N., Maccarrone, G., Licciardello, A. ToF-SIMS characterization of fluoroalkyl derivatives of possible interest as water repellent for stone protection (2008) Applied Surface Science, 255 (4), pp. 1527-1530.  

52. Tuccitto, N., Giamblanco, N., Marletta, G., Licciardello, A. ToF-SIMS investigation of FIB-patterning of lactoferrin by using self-assembled monolayers of iron complexes (2008) Applied Surface Science, 255 (4), pp. 1075-1078. 

53. Torrisi, V., Tuccitto, N., Delfanti, I., Audinot, J.N., Zhavnerko, G., Migeon, H.-N., Licciardello, A. Nano- and microstructured polymer LB layers: A combined AFM/SIMS study (2008) Applied Surface Science, 255 (4), pp. 1006-1010. 

54. Mu§iz, A.C., Pisonero, J., Lobo, L., Gonzalez, C., Bordel, N., Pereiro, R., Tempez, A., Chapon, P., Tuccitto, N., Licciardello, A., Sanz-Medel, A. Pulsed radiofrequency glow discharge time of flight mass spectrometer for the direct analysis of bulk and thin coated glasses (2008) Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 23 (9), pp. 1239-1246. 

55. Mazzei, F., Favero, G., Frasconi, M., Tata, A., Tuccitto, N., Licciardello, A., Pepi, F. Soft-landed protein voltammetry: A tool for redox protein characterization (2008) Analytical Chemistry, 80 (15), pp. 5937-5944.

56. Morotti, T., Calabrese, V., Cavazzini, M., Pedron, D., Cozzuol, M., Licciardello, A., Tuccitto, N., Quici, S. Zirconium phosphate/phosphonate multilayered films based on push-pull stilbazolium salt: Synthesis, characterization and second harmonic generation (2008) Dalton Transactions, (22), pp. 2974-2982.  

57. Morotti, T., Calabrese, V., Cavazzini, M., Pedron, D., Cozzuol, M., Licciardello, A., Tuccitto, N., Quici, S. Zirconium phosphate/phosphonate multilayered films based on push?pull stilbazolium salt: Synthesis, characterization and second harmonic generation (2008) Journal of the Chemical Society. Dalton Transactions, (22), pp. 2974-2982. 

58. Giamblanco, N., Tuccitto, N., Licciardello, A., Marletta, G. Focused Ion Beam treatment of self-assembled monolayers for protein patterning (2007) European Cells and Materials, 14 (SUPPL.3), p. 32. 

59. Tuccitto, N., Giamblanco, N., Licciardello, A., Marletta, G. Patterning of lactoferrin using functional SAMs of iron complexes (2007) Chemical Communications, (25), pp. 2621-2623.  

60. Tuccitto, N., Torrisi, V., Cavazzini, M., Morotti, T., Puntoriero, F., Quici, S., Campagna, S., Licciardello, A. Stepwise formation of ruthenium(II) complexes by direct reaction on organized assemblies of thiol-terpyridine species on gold (2007) ChemPhysChem, 8 (2), pp. 227-230. 

61. Mîllers, R., Tuccitto, N., Torrisi, V., Niehuis, E., Licciardello, A. Chemical effects in C 60 irradiation of polymers (2006) Applied Surface Science, 252 (19), pp. 6509-6512.  

62. Battocchio, C., Polzonetti, G., Gambino, L., Tuccitto, N., Licciardello, A., Marletta, G. Comparison between angular dependent NEXAFS analysis and theoretical calculations of molecular orientation of new functional mixed aromatic molecules deposited onto Au/Si(1 1 1) (2006) Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 246 (1), pp. 145-150. 

63. Auditore, A., Baglio, S., Barrera, P., Licciardello, A., Savalli, N., Tuccitto, N. Characterization of photoelectric polymeric material by using capacitive transducers (2004) Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 5467, pp. 265-272.  

64. Auditore, A., Tuccitto, N., Quici, S., Marzanni, G., Puntoriero, F., Campagna, S., Licciardello, A. ToF-SIMS investigation of functional mixed aromatic thiol monolayers on gold (2004) Applied Surface Science, 231-232, pp. 314-317.  

65. Auditore, A., Tuccitto, N., Marzanni, G., Quici, S., Puntoriero, F., Campagna, S., Licciardello, A. Organized assemblies of thiol-terpyridine and thiophenol on gold surfaces: Preferential composition of mixed species evidenced (2003) Chemical Communications, 3 (19), pp. 2494-2495.  

Academic Year  

  • Nanomateriali per la Comunicazione Molecolare

Remote communication between electronic devices is an open and active research subject. Nowadays we mainly communicate by transferring information via electromagnetic communication. However, this approach is not universally applicable. Nature faced and solved this problem by means of a strategy based on the release molecules acting as “chemical messengers”. Even if the biological communication networks are still too complex to be replicated, in all our views, bio-inspired molecular communication represents definitively a very promising strategy. In this project we perform a critical analysis on the problem of molecular communication through body fluids focusing on the selection and synthesis of a capable molecular messenger.

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UNSUPERVISED ANALYSIS OF BIG TOF-SIMS DATA SETS

Thanks to the capabilities of the modern analytical technologies, the typical dataset may contain thousands of information, the amount of information to deal with is accordingly large so that data reduction techniques become indispensable for extracting the most significant information from the given dataset. I am working on fast and low demanding methods which is able to extract latent chemical information from ToF-SIMS big data sets, such as those arising from chemical imaging, by working on the unbinned raw data files.

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CHEMOSENSORS

Italy owns a very high variety of cultural assets making it unique in the world, as it is also clear from the long list of sites of inestimable value outlined by UNESCO which are based on both areas. Definitely, the maintenance of such patrimony is a big issue. Cultural heritage should be monitored, much like a patient in a hospital, for signs of degradation or imminent frailty or collapse. Even the Constitution of the Italian Republic solemnly decrees that it promotes the development of scientific and technical research and safeguards historical and artistic heritage of the Nation. However, even if the “value” of the heritage is limitless, the “cost” of such a monitoring action is not always in line with the budget available that is always compressed among too many priorities. The primary strategy to relieve budget issues of maintenance is prevention and therefore accurate monitoring. Definitely, it is significant, central and vital to developing new varieties of sensors and technologies for Health Monitoring of Heritage which can be used for the detection and inspection of artistic properties to increase their safety and reliability thus also reducing maintenance costs.

When dealing with monitoring devices to be used over structures of artistic or historic value that should be displayed to the public, the problem of removing the structures under monitoring from the display and therefore the reduction of the value of the historical or artistic site for the whole monitoring period is often considered as a negative impact. 
In this framework, the project aim is focused on the development of a family of smart sensors (with the related technologies) enabling the collection of data in a remote mode, allowing the early diagnosis of heritage failures from the micro to the macroscales, unraveling the very initial stage of impact. The smart sensors will make possible to achieve the continuous monitoring of the condition of the cultural assets. These sensors will exploit nanocomposite and polymeric materials properties, together with micro and nanofabrication technologies, in order to obtain a kind of “invisible patch” that can be therefore adopted in a quasi-transparent manner and in general with a very low visual impact over the system to be monitored. 

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