Academic Year 2021/2022 - 3° Year
Teaching Staff: Giuseppe TRUSSO SFRAZZETTO
Credit Value: 6
Scientific field: CHIM/06 - Organic chemistry
Taught classes: 35 hours
Exercise: 12 hours
Term / Semester:

Learning Objectives

The targets of the course are:

  1. Focus on some important aspects of Organic Chemistry (such as aminoacids, catalysis, pericyclic reactions, organometallic reactions, retrosynthesis), with particular attention to the mechanistic point of view and to the Physical Organic Chemistry
  2. Analyze some important organic reactions, focusing the reaction mechanism
  3. Develop the ability to design and realize new synthetic pathway to obtain new organic molecules
  4. Study the main non-covalent interactions and their application in the modern Synthetic Organic Chemistry

Regarding the Dublin Descriptors, this course aims to transfer the following transversal competences to the student:
Knowledge and understanding:
 Inductive and deductive reasoning skills;
 Ability to rationalize and predict the reactivity of organic molecules;
 Ability to distinguish the difference between covalent and non-covalent interactions;
 Ability to predict the kinetic course of a reaction.

Ability to apply knowledge:
 Ability to design a synthetic path suitable for obtaining a precise organic molecule;
 Ability to predict the course of a reaction based on precise experimental parameters;
 Ability to identify the conditions for optimal reactions for a synthetic strategy.

Autonomy of judgment:
 Critical reasoning skills;
 Self-assessment of learning through interactions in the classroom with colleagues and with the teacher.

Communication skills:
 Ability to describe in oral and written form, with properties of language and terminological rigor, one of the topics covered, making use of both power point presentations and the blackboard.

Course Structure

Lessons will be carried out in classroom, with the use of power point presentations and the use of the blackboard.

Periodically, some meeting will be done, also by using informatics platforms, to check the level of learning and to clarify some arguments.

Should teaching be carried out in mixed mode or remotely, it may be necessary to introduce changes with respect to previous statements, in line with the programme planned and outlined in the syllabus.

Learning assessment may also be carried out on line, should the conditions require it.

Detailed Course Content

    • aminoacids, acid-base properties, peptides, polypeptides and proteins, structure of proteins, synthesis of polypeptides
    • Conjugated dienes, molecular orbitals and symmetry, Dies-Alder reactions, electrocyclic reactions, sigmatropic reactions, pericyclic reactions, synhtesis and structure of bicycloalkanes.
    • Genelar aspects and energetics, Proximity effect and orientation, Type of catalysis (electrophilic, metallic, acid-base, nucleophilic), General and specific catalysis, Intramolecular catalysis.
    • Enzymatic catalysis: general considerations, enzymes classification, Some important enzymatic catalysis mechanisms. Cynetics into enzymatic catalysis, Michaelis-Menten equation.
    • Enzymati inhibitors: reversible competitive inhibition, reversible non-competitive inhibition, reversible acompetitive inhibition, irreversible inhibition.
    • Artificial enzymes.
    • the chemical bond in the organometallic compounds, organolitium compounds and Grignard reagents.
    • Reactivity: coupling reactions, Gilman reagents, Heck reaction, Stille reaction, Suzuki reaction, Sonogashira reaction, Negishi reaction
    • Metathesis reactions: Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerization (ROMP), Ring Closing Metathesis (RCM), Acyclic Diene Metathesis polymerization (ADMET), CM (Cross Metathesis)
    • Click chemistry: 1,4 and 1,5 cycloaddition reactions
    • Organic synthesis strategiee: retrosynthesis and disconnection approach
    • Decaroxylation of b-ketoacids, reaction with diazomethane, Williamson synthesis, allenes synthesis, ethers synhtesis, ester and amide synthesis by carbodiimides
    • Alkenes reactions: Wittig reaction and Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reaction
    • Oxygen transfer reactions: alkenes oxidation, reaction with OsO4, O3, synhtesis and reaction of epoxides, Pinacolyc rearrangment, Bayer-Williger reaction, Wolf-Kishner reaction
    • Strategies of FGI, activating and deactivating groups, protective groups
    • Examples of disconnections
    • ion pairing. electrostatic interactions, hydrogen bond, pi-interactions, hydrophobic effect, aggregation of organic compounds in water
    • Nucleosides and nucleotides, Other important nucleotides, DNA structure, ribonucleic acids and RNA transcription, Genetic code.

Textbook Information

  1. Chimica Organica 5e Edises Brown,Foote, Anslyn
  2. P. Y. BRUICE - Chimica organica - 2a Edizione EdiSES
  3. Warren, Wyatt- Organic Synthesis: the Disconnection approach 2 ed. Wiley 2011
  4. Materiale didattico fornito dal docente