Academic Year 2021/2022 - 2° Year
Teaching Staff: Luisa D'URSO
Credit Value: 7
Scientific field: CHIM/02 - Physical chemistry
Taught classes: 42 hours
Exercise: 12 hours
Term / Semester:

Learning Objectives

Students will acquire a detailed basic knowledge of thermodynamics of chemical equilibria which is fundamental in many areas of chemistry and also in other scientific disciplines. At the end of the course, students will have a detailed knowledge of real gases, phase diagrams, Principles and applications of Thermodynamics to chemical systems such as heat and energy associated with phase transformations and chemical reactions, ideal and real solutions. Students will acquire the ability to solve a variety of numerical problems on the topics of the course, they will be able to identify the chemical and physical parameters of reference and to describe and outline the process under study.

Course Structure

Classroom lecture and numerical training

Detailed Course Content

First Principle of Thermodynamics: Joule experiences. Internal energy; enthalpy. Thermal capacities at constant volume and pressure. Reversible and irreversible isothermal and adiabatic processes. Thermochemistry. Enthalpy and thermal balances.

Second Principle of Thermodynamics: Entropy. Carnot cycle. Clausius inequality. Spontaneity and Entropy. Auxiliary functions: work functions and free energy. Equilibrium conditions in closed systems: Gibbs-Helmholtz equation. Fundamental thermodynamic relations and thermodynamic equations. Chemical potential. Gibbs-Duhem equation.

Third Principle of Thermodynamics. Behavior of matter near absolute zero. Absolute entropies and their use.

Applications of the principles of Thermodynamics: Ideal and real gas systems: chemical potential, fugacity.

Polyphase systems: the phase rule, Clausius-Clapeyron equation; laws of Raoult and Henry; Margules-Duhem equation. Chemical potential and conventions on standard states in solutions. Phase diagrams.

Chemical kinetics

Textbook Information

1. Chemical Physics Peter William Atkins Julio de Paula, Zanichelli

2. Chemical Physics, un approccio molecolare Donald A McQuarrie John D Simon, Zanichelli