Academic Year 2017/2018 - 1° Year
Teaching Staff Credit Value: 12
Scientific field: CHIM/03 - General and inorganic chemistry
Taught classes: 56 hours
Exercise: 24 hours
Laboratories: 24 hours
Term / Semester:

Learning Objectives

  • Module 1

    Course’s main objective is to provide fundamental principles and laws of Chemistry, required for all the other propedeutical chemical courses. Students will familiarize with chemical principles, symbol and notations. Nature of atoms and molecules in predicting the properties and behaviour of more complex systems will be considered. The course provides a firm foundation in applications of main chemical and scientific theories. Students will use rudimentary mathematical equation to appreciate quantitative nature of atomic and chemical interactions and to solve basic problems relating to chemical reactions (with particular attention devoted to reactions in gas and equilibria in aqueous phase). Basic principles of atomic theory, chemical bond theory and molecular geometries will be provided.

Detailed Course Content

  • Module 1

    ATOMS AND MOLECULES: Elements and compounds. Classification of mixed matter. Inorganic nomenclature. Atomic and molecular weight

    CHEMICAL REACTIONS: Chemical equation. Types of reactions. Oxidation states. Redox reactions

    STECHIOMETRY: Mole and equivalents. Balancing chemical equations. Reacting quantities. Limiting reagents.

    GAS PHASE: Properties of gases. Ideal and real gases. Gas mixtures. Kinetic molecolar theory of gas

    LIQUID PHASE AND SOLUTIONS: Properties of liquids. Vapor tension. Solutions. Intermolecular forces. Concentration of solutions. Ideal solutions and Rault Laws. Colligative properties

    ELEMENTS OF KINETICS AND CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM: Rate Laws and Rate costants. Rate Law for a reaction. Order of moleculariy. Arrhenious Law and Activation energy. Catalysts. Kinetic description of chemical equilibrium. Law of Mass action and equilibrium constant.

    IONIC EQUILIBRIA IN AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS: Dissociation of water and pH definition. Acid-base theory (Arrhenius, Browsted-Lowry, Lewis). Salts and hydrolysis. Buffer solutions. Polyprotic acids. Acid-base titrations. pH calculations.

    ATOMIC STRUCTURE: Atomic model. Electronic structure of elements. Periodic table and periodic trends.

    CHEMICAL BOND: Ionic bond. Covalent bond. Polarity. Electronegativity. VSEPR theory. Valence bond description and hybridization. Resonance. Lewis structures and 3D structure of molecules.

Textbook Information

  • Module 1

    1. R.H. Petrucci, W.S.Harwood, F.G. Herring, CHIMICA GENERALE (Principi e moderne applicazioni), Piccin

    2. Kotz-Treichel-Townsend (ed edizioni precedenti) - Chimica-EdiSeS, Napoli

    3. M. Speranza-Chimica Generale ed Inorganica-Edi-Ermes

    4. P. Silvestroni- Fondamenti di Chimica-CEA